Where Do Tasmanian Devils Live? – Tasmanian Devil Habitat Facts

Do you have any idea where do Tasmanian devils live in Australia? Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) occupy just about every habitat on the Tasmanian Island. They are also found near human settlements but they are generally distributed throughout the mainland Tasmania. Devils are thought to occur on Robbins Island, Macquarie Heads, and Forth River. Let’s now discover more facts about Tasmanian devil habitat as well as the historical background of the devil’s occurrence.

Where Do Tasmanian Devils Live in the Wild? – Tasmanian Devil Habitat Information 

What Habitats Do Tasmanian Devils Live in?

Tasmanian devils are most likely to make homes in habitats which receive very little rainfall each year. This is particularly true for Tasmanian devil’s population inhabiting north-western and eastern Tasmania.

The Tasmanian devil makes home in a variety of habitats:

  • Forestry plantations
  • Pasture
  • Coastal woodlands
  • Sclerophyll forests

While devils do not really prefer highest altitudes of Tasmania they do however occur in isolated population in the button grass plains. The population of Tasmanian devils is highest in the dry sclerophyll forest habitats.

Tasmanian devils are more likely to occur in the open forests as compared to tall forests; similarly, they will fancy living in wet forests than dry forests. Since devils are specialized carrion-eaters they often live near roads where roadkill is quite common. Many Tasmanian devils die of road accidents whilst dragging the carcass. Devils will adapt themselves to the given habitat conditions and as such scientists believe that habitat loss might not render devils redundant.

Devils do move around in search of food. They travel all the way through woodlands, creeks, and saddles, but will probably avoid rocky habitats or steep slopes. Tasmanian devils will also choose habitats which are abundant in food sources.

Tasmanian devils likely make dens to seek shelter during daylight hours. They may also occupy abandoned wombat burrows, thick grass tussocks, dense riparian vegetation, and caves. Adult devils will get back to the same den year after year. Therefore, it is possible that if their dens are destroyed devil’s population might get disturbed.

where do tasmanian devils live
Tasmanian Devils fancy living in open dry forests as compared to tall forests. Image Courtesy: Animals Adda

Tasmanian Devil Distribution

Tasmanian devils are fairly common across mainland Tasmania. They will occupy almost all islands such as Robbins Island, Macquarie Heads, and Forth River. As early as in 19th century, the devils were quite abundant on Bruny Island. However, devils ceased to exist at the start of the 20th century.

where do tasmanian devils live
Image Courtesy: Smurf Zoo

On the east coast and north-east coast of Tasmania, devils are largely found on the Mount Willian National Park and Freycinet National Park. The north west coast and west coast population occurs on Granville Harbor and Woolnorth. Devils in the central highlands inhabit Bronte Park, Fentonbury, and Dry Poles Lane.

A good many number of Tasmanian devils had lived on the Badger Island in the 1990s but they had become extinct by 2005.

Where Do Tasmanian Devils Live? – Tasmanian Devil Habitat – Video


Article Cited:

Shannon, Lucy; Lehman, Ros (26 September 2015). “Release of captive bred Tasmanian devils hailed as turning point in fight against disease”. ABC News. Retrieved 26 September 2015.

Hawkins, C.E.; McCallum, H.; Mooney, N.; Jones, M.; Holdsworth, M. (2008). “Sarcophilus harrisii”. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T40540A10331066. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T40540A10331066.en. Retrieved 27 August 2016. Listed as Endangered (EN A2be+3e v3.1)

Fisher, Diana O.; Owens, Ian P. F.; Johnson, Christopher N. (2001). “The ecological basis of life history variation in marsupials”. Ecology. 82 (12): 3531–40. doi:10.1890/0012-9658(2001)082[3531:TEBOLH]2.0.CO;2.

“Sarcophilus harrisii – Tasmanian Devil”. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Retrieved 30 September 2010.

Beeton, Robert J. S. (2009). “Advice to the Minister for the Environment, Heritage and the Arts from the Threatened Species Scientific Committee (the Committee) on Amendment to the list of Threatened Species under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) Sarcophilus harrisii (Tasmanian Devil) Listing Advice” (PDF). Threatened Species Scientific Committee. Retrieved 23 October 2010.